大學輟學生如何只交易一個外匯貨幣對賺16倍!? | FTMO Trader Interview系列1 Alex

What is FTMO?

FTMO是一家國際性的自營交易商,總部位於歐洲捷克,尋找世界各地的素人交易員操作資金,從最低花費報名費最低約160美元(150歐元)取得資金規模1萬美元,到最高報名費1,140美元(1080歐元)提供200,000 美元的資金給素人交易員操作。

The transaction assessment is divided into two stages. The two stages set different profit deadlines, loss amounts, and profit targets. After the two stages are passed, the company's capital operations can be obtained and they can become their traders (traders).

After becoming a formal trader, there is no limit to the time limit for making a profit, and there is no profit target.

Simply put,FTMOProvide a variety of fund accounts. You only need to spend the registration fee and pass the assessment to make money with their funds. If you lose money, you don't have to pay, but the profit can be divided.

Of course there are others, but because they are almost all foreign companies, you have to do a lot of homework to study a company in depth. When I first learned about this, it was like discovering a new world, but I also know that there are too many scams in the foreign exchange market, so I have to work hard to study by myself.

Fortunately, a few Taiwanese around me also use it, so I slowly became familiar with this model, and then I actually signed up for it, but because of too many details and rules, it's better to organize a Chinese version by myself for later review and record purposes, and also share this information with those who need it.

Introduction to FTMO

說明

FTMO official website

FTMO official blog

FTMO mailbox

support@ftmo.com

FTMO phone

+44 2033222983

FTMO Trader Interview

FTMO Exam Rules

FTMO Supplementary Rules

FTMO Registration Teaching

FTMO Frequently Asked Questions (Chinese)

FTMO free demo trading practice (performance can be tracked in the background)

FTMO directly register an account (no need to register and pay first)

【Comparison】 FTMO vs. My Forex Funds

【Comparison】 FTMO vs. FundedNext

【Comparison】 FTMO vs. E8 Funding

【Comparison】 FTMO vs. Leveled Up Society

【Comparison】 FTMO vs. The5%ers

【Comparison】 FTMO vs. True Forex Funds

【Comparison】 FTMO vs. Surge Trader

【Comparison】 Prop Firm Comparison

FTMO promotions

FTMO Trader Interview系列是什麼?

FTMO Trader Interview這系列的影片是由FTMO團隊訪問操作他們資金且成功達標(或超過)的素人交易員的訪談,會訪問一些固定內容及針對交易者的回答衍生問的內容,但都是想了解這些素人交易者如何達標的。

所以這些訪談不僅僅只是在聚焦在策略面,透過訪談也可以問出一些交易者的心態或是其他細節,提供資訊讓大家可以學習。

而FTMO訪問的素人交易員有很多,來自世界各地國家,每位交易者都有不同的策略或是思路,如果可以歸納出這些成功素人交易員的思路與方法,應該會收穫滿滿,我會把這系列的紀錄放在 In the FTMO Trader Interview series

而關於我寫這個系列的發想,是因為我自己每次在觀看這些成功交易員被訪問的影片都有很大的啟發,對我的策略補足及不同層面都有收穫,不過都是以影片訪問且都是英文進行,查了相關資料發現英文資料已經很少,中文資料幾乎全無,於是想想不如自己來整理,可以做為自己學習交易紀錄和回測這些交易員的策略之外,也可以分享給有需要這些資訊的朋友。

FTMO Trader Interview訪問影片-Alex

本次Trader Interview簡介

項目

說明

FTMO Trader

Alex

職業

大學輟學生、健身教練

帳戶規模

10萬 USD

利潤

12,366 USD

帳戶投資報酬率

12.4%

個人投入成本

540 EUR (根據寫文章時匯率換算大約570 USD)

實拿分潤

9,893 USD (80%)

個人投資報酬率

16倍

此次訪問交易的貨幣對

GBPJPY

若你是因為誇張標題而閱讀此篇文章的容我說明一下,表格中的資訊是簡單概括Alex的獲利、帳戶規模、個人成本及投報率等,而這些成績並非要標榜這位交易員有多厲害,只是針對此次訪談做背景介紹,學習點在於接下來要說明的交易策略。

本次Trader Interview說明

在達標的過程中,不太可能只交易一筆就可以達標,因為FTMO有規定最少的交易筆數,所以Alex應當也不只交易一次就做到超過10%的利潤,影片中僅是Alex挑選他自己覺得最有心得的交易來做說明。

這次要講解的貨幣對是GBPJPY,影片發布日期是2022/7/6,所以GBPJPY在此影片發佈後已經走了一段了,你可能看到的價格和影片及本篇所講的價格都會不同,但也無關緊要,畢竟要學習的是他們的交易思路與邏輯,價格雖不同但歷史總會驚人的似曾相似。

交易策略-GBPJPY

在他講解的這筆交易中,他所使用的策略是先從比較大的時間級別來觀察市場的方向,也就是從週線級別的走勢來判斷。

並且在週線級別中找出支撐壓力區,因為Alex認為價格到了該支撐壓力區都有明顯的價格回調(不管你信不信但的確發生了),於是將這些區域用區塊的方式標記起來(我用藍色表示),這樣就可以提醒自己要注意這些區域。

隨後又切到日線級別中畫出在日線級別的支撐壓力區(我用橘色表示)。

再切到4小時級別中找出潛在的支撐壓力區(我用綠色表示),並且發現在最近的價格趨勢呈現上漲趨勢,通常他們會說這是Higher high, higher low,意思就是相對高點越高,相對低點越高,最後組合起來就會是上漲趨勢,是一種對價格行為上的判斷。

而當時價格在底下圖片中紅色箭頭和綠色交會的區域,Alex認為這是在上漲趨勢中的Higher low,而在一段上漲的趨勢進行中,可以預期下個階段呈現Higher high的機率比較高,且同時剛好在綠線支撐之上,這兩點構成他進場的「條件」。

到目前為止,兩個條件都達到了,但我們都知道在技術分析中,如果能有多個條件成立那會是更好的,國外許多交易大神也常常使用多個條件成立(Confluence)來做為進場判斷。

Alex這邊還多加了婓波納契作為判斷,可以看到除了前面兩個條件之外,價格來到這邊也剛好回調到0.5附近,於是這3個條件都成立,對這次做多的意願又更加強烈。

關於Alex如何設定獲利目標(TP),他有提到在1小時的級別中可以看到前高(我用藍線表示)碰到壓力之後價格就回調到先前綠色的支撐處,可以表示藍線附近有潛在的壓力區,會把藍線視為首要獲利的目標(TP1),而第二目標看到日線壓力區(橘色),這樣的分批出場的方式也是蠻常見的出場方式之一。

隨後切換到更小的時間級別中進場,使用15分或5分級別,而在15分級別中可以看到還有個小壓力區(我用黃色表示),如果價格突破黃色區域有高機率就會到下一個目標區域,

在這裡Alex同時帶到一個重點,損益兩平點(Break Even),這個意義是在於當價格來到這裡(我用紫線表示),就會把原先設定的停損價移動到進場價格,讓這筆交易的風險降到0,也就是0成本持有這筆交易。

在這筆交易中其實Alex還有提到一個重點,就是他在歐洲市場(London Session)開市前進場,並且這筆交易在開市後行情直接走出去,這種貼近於開市時段交易的方法也蠻常作為交易者的交易計劃考量之一。

Recommended reading: 外匯開市交易時段

基本面

基本面通常就是該貨幣對的兩個貨幣背後國家(或當時世界環境)的種種因素影響,通常兩國的國家政治、經濟等因素是最直接影響貨幣的,有時也會受到新聞或是數據發佈的影響導致該貨幣對價格劇烈波動。

不過Alex是沒有關注這些的,這和我看到蠻多國內外的Trader不常看這些也蠻相似的,很多技術分析派的都不怎麼看這些基本面,因為他們覺得最終所有基本面都會在價格反應,從價格行為上去找潛在交易機會。

心態面

Alex提到他會遵守他的交易計劃,不會隨便更動,哪怕是停損點也是一樣,前面提到在停損點的點位也是當價格來到規畫的壓力區時,才會移動到進場價格。

會這麼做的原因是因為這樣做,即使真的停損出場了,也是因為交易計劃的問題,而如果是因為自己當下移動停損價格而導致停損出場了,那自己的感覺就會很差,雖然損失都相同,但對於心態上的損失後者更讓人心態崩掉,下一單就會想要把輸的贏回來。

這種做法我自己的小心得就是把交易計劃和自我分離,這樣的好處就是計劃是理性狀態下所規劃的,但如果當下看見行情的我們,身而為人一定會有情緒,就會想東想西,所以遵守交易計劃,分離兩者才會是更好的。

其他層面

  • 只操作GBPJPY

關於只有操作GBPJPY貨幣對,Alex有說到他也曾經交易其他大宗貨幣對,像是EURUSD、GBPUSD、AUDUSD等,但可能因為在GBPJPY上的交易比較有心得(不管交易是輸或贏),以及他提到如果操作太多貨幣對會容易分心且增加損失的風險,所以最後就只選擇GBPJPY操作(即使他認為他這個策略在其他貨幣對也有效)。

  • 風險報酬比(RRR)和勝率(Win Rate)

在RRR中可以看到是8.67,表示在承受1單位風險可以獲得8.67倍的報酬,這其實已經勝過很多的交易者,而他的win rate在52.63%,超過5成的勝率其實也算很不錯了。

能獲得這樣的成績,我覺得這和他前面提到的交易策略有很大的關係,因為是從較大的時間級別來觀察市場方向,再從小的時間級別中切入進場,且損益兩平和tp1都在小時間級別中規劃,風控設定在1%,只要行情順利走出去,就可以吃到大行情的肉,這樣的操作很合乎邏輯且直觀。

而這樣的策略會有個潛在的風險就是需要不斷的「試錯」,也就是他的停損是在小時間級別中規劃的,但他的目標是大時間級別的,而價格很有可能會在小時間級別中不斷震盪,就可能會吃到很多小止損,直到行情真的走出來,那麼利潤也是一大段,所有的小止損都能一次全打平還能吃到大級別的肉。

這也是為什麼他會說他的RRR是高估、win rate是低估的原因。

小結

小結反思FTMO訪談交易員

這次Alex的交易策略分享讓我了解到在大時間級別中判斷趨勢方向,確立了目前市場的趨勢如何,尋找confluence增加進場條件,條件越多成立就越有信心進場,再切換到較小的時間級別中規劃TP、損益兩平點、風控等交易計劃。

潛在風險是需要不斷地去找進場機會,因為是在小時間級別中規劃進場,所以吃到損單的機率也會較高,但如果行情能走出來往往都能直接吃到大肉。

而這樣的操作模式或策略我認為有幾點可以納入我優化與紀錄的考量(不作為任何投資建議,單純紀錄與分享我的見解):

1.如果時間不足無法盯盤,在小時間級別中很難去找進場點,需要在較大的時間級別上找進場點,當然大級別的風控和TP都會因此而放大,可以納入做波段策略的考量。

2.小資金很難進行這樣的策略(除非進場單位很小),原因也在於這樣的策略是追求RRR的,吃到損單勢在必行,小資金在撐到機會來之前,損單可能已經把資金消磨殆盡,所以這樣的策略較適合有較大資金的人,或是直接使用這個公司FTMO的服務,花少少的報名費考他們的資金帳戶,本篇主角Alex也是如此,花了約570 USD,分潤到快1萬USD,個人投報率17倍。

3.在這篇介紹的策略中,可以發現是順勢交易,也就是從大級別找方向,小級別做相同方向的事情,當然也可以考量逆勢交易的短打策略。

4.在進行此策略前,需要對阻力位、趨勢判斷、型態或一些分析工具有一定了解,也可以作為之後要考量到不同策略裡面的工具。

5.本次分享無搭配任何指標(ex.均線/MACD..),單純針對價格行為(Price Action)做判斷,所以讀懂市場確實也是一種交易方式。

6.每個貨幣對都有自己的特性,了解特定貨幣對的特性可以幫助自己在價格行為的判斷,本篇主角也只交易一個貨幣對,也說明交易好壞與否在精不在多。

Various QA's about Forex prop firm

What is Proprietary Trading? What is Proprietary Trading?

Foreign exchange dealersIt is a kind of proprietary trading model. Companies use their own funds to trade. Some companies will have special self-employed departments, or the company itself is a trading company with self-employed attributes.

Since a company wants to make money in the market, in addition to relying on the company's own shareholders or employees, it can also design a set of models and rules, find people who will make money in the market, and provide account funds to help make money. Making money can be divided into profits, while losing money is borne by the company. This model has been in use abroad for many years., But it is not so popular in China.

What is the difference between a foreign exchange dealer and a foreign exchange broker?

A foreign exchange broker is an investor who uses his own funds to deposit into an account opened by a broker, and the risks, profits and losses of the account are all borne by himself; andForeign exchange dealersIt is the investors who go to a self-employed company to participate in their assessment. After the examination, they use their account to trade. They bear the risks and losses of the account, but the profits can be divided.

差異

控制權

全權

部分

家數數量

數萬家(以有牌照監管為首選)

數十家

本金準備

自有資金

公司資金

風險損失

自行承擔

公司承擔

利潤獲得

全部利潤

部分利潤(依比例而定)

槓桿比例

依各經紀商而定,國內約30-40倍;海外100~1000倍都有

依照自營商的規定,普遍是100倍

交易商品

涵蓋幾乎所有商品,但各經紀商還是有差異

較侷限,以外匯貨幣對為大宗

投資人最大風險

  • 爆倉(損失所有本金)

  • 遇到詐騙經紀商

損失報名費

適合對象

  • 想全權管控自有資金

  • Use EA program to trade

  • 有技術但缺乏資金

  • 想在高資金下練交易心態

  • 想要穩健成長投資人

  • Some self-employed merchants support EA

Does Forex Prop Firms only offer forex as trading instruments?

Trading commodities are mainly foreign exchange currency pair commodities, but there are still commodities other than currency pairs such as indices and precious metals, such asFTMO self-employed, And the trading commodities provided by each self-employed merchant are also very different.

Are prop firms a scam?

No, but there will be many self-employed merchants who are mixed with fish and fish, so the research on self-employed merchants is very important. And brokers also have many questions about fraud. I have compiled an article before.How brokers crack scams, But after I learned about the model of self-employed merchants, I think it needs to be studied more. In addition to the brokers used by self-employed merchants, it is also necessary to understand their rules, user reviews, various aspects of experience, etc., which are quite areas that need to do homework.

Regarding whether it is fraud or not, in order to verify, I spent a lot of time sorting out and collecting information from these self-employed merchants (fortunately, they are all very public). The techniques of cracking broker fraud can also be applied to verifying self-employed merchants. In addition, many friends around me are using it, so it is currently known that it is not a scam.

At present, the self-employed business I use by myself has this one, but my friends around me have been using other homes for a while, and they have not encountered any problems in dividing profits and withdrawing funds. In the future, I will organize an article on this issue if I have the opportunity. Article.

Why have I rarely heard of prop firms?

Most people who come into contact with foreign exchange margin should be mainly brokers (brokerages), but this self-operated model is quite popular abroad. Many successful foreign traders started from this model. They first use their rules to help them develop trading discipline, and after a period of trading, they haveDivide the profit funds, and then go to the broker to open an account and operate with your own funds.

What is the difference between a foreign exchange dealer and a self-owned fund?

If you open an account with a broker, you put in your own principal. All risks are borne by the investors. In addition, you also need to prevent fraudulent brokers from allowing withdrawals, black-hearted spreads, fake brokers, fake customer service and other issues. You really need to do your own homework.

The self-employed model is to register with the self-employed company and after the assessment, they will give you a sum of funds, and you will help them trade. All losses will be borne by the company (the most is the loss of the registration fee), and when you make a profit, you can get a share of the profit. All the problems that may be encountered in the broker are handled by the company.Worry, and investors just need to concentrate on the rules and profit.

Which foreign exchange dealer should I choose?

There are about dozens of foreign exchange dealers in the world, but I and my friends around me have used at least 4 of them, while I have used 2 of them myself. And each self-operated foreign exchange company has its own examination regulations, profit sharing ratio, risk control standards, and other items such as supported trading platforms, retake rules, registration fees, etc. For too many details, please refer to me.Organize and compare the information of foreign exchange dealers

How much does it cost to apply for a Funding Plan?

The registration fee of each self-employed company will vary depending on the comprehensive assessment of account funds, rules, profit target setting, challenge period, etc. The minimum FTMO is 155 euros for a Normal account, and the account limit is 10,000 U.S. dollars.

本次FTMO Trader Interview系列分享我認為有蠻多值得學習的點,而以上都是以我的經驗與角度去學習與闡述的觀點,每個人的看法可能與我不同,我也很歡迎大家一起交流彼此看法,一起精進。

我也有專門整理一系列交易策略的分享文章,都是關於國外交易員的訪談,多看不同交易員分享的策略有助於歸納成功的交易方法,大家有興趣可以去看看: Trading strategy sharing

Everyone is welcome to join the telegram group below to communicate.

另外如果你想透過少少報名費取得FTMO的大資金,可以先參考這篇: FTMO的規則和介紹

如果有興趣了解本次FTMO全英訪談交易員的內容,也可以到上面的影片觀看。

FTMO.com - For serious traders

Recommended reading:

FTMO Introduction article:

[1 full explanation] FTMO Proprietary trading rules|How to make money with other people's money! ?

比較不同平台規則與分潤:

外匯自營商是什麼?人人都可以成為操盤手!?

FTMO Trader Interview Series articles:

How do college dropouts earn 16 times by trading only one foreign exchange currency pair! ? / FTMO Trader Interview Series 1

Amateur forex traders earn 350 times! ? Selflessly share trading strategies! / FTMO Trader Interview Series 2

How do college students in the Department of Economics make 11 times the profit from trading! ? Strategy and Experience Sharing | FTMO Trader Interview Series 3

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