經濟系大學生如何交易獲利11 倍!?策略與心得分享 | FTMO Trader Interview系列3 Xavier

What is FTMO?

FTMO是一家國際性的自營交易商,總部位於歐洲捷克,尋找世界各地的素人交易員操作資金,從最低花費報名費最低約160美元(150歐元)取得資金規模1萬美元,到最高報名費1,140美元(1080歐元)提供200,000 美元的資金給素人交易員操作。

The transaction assessment is divided into two stages. The two stages set different profit deadlines, loss amounts, and profit targets. After the two stages are passed, the company's capital operations can be obtained and they can become their traders (traders).

After becoming a formal trader, there is no limit to the time limit for making a profit, and there is no profit target.

Simply put,FTMOProvide a variety of fund accounts. You only need to spend the registration fee and pass the assessment to make money with their funds. If you lose money, you don't have to pay, but the profit can be divided.

Of course there are others, but because they are almost all foreign companies, you have to do a lot of homework to study a company in depth. When I first learned about this, it was like discovering a new world, but I also know that there are too many scams in the foreign exchange market, so I have to work hard to study by myself.

Fortunately, a few Taiwanese around me also use it, so I slowly became familiar with this model, and then I actually signed up for it, but because of too many details and rules, it's better to organize a Chinese version by myself for later review and record purposes, and also share this information with those who need it.

Introduction to FTMO

說明

FTMO official website

FTMO official blog

FTMO mailbox

support@ftmo.com

FTMO phone

+44 2033222983

FTMO Trader Interview

FTMO Exam Rules

FTMO Supplementary Rules

FTMO Registration Teaching

FTMO Frequently Asked Questions (Chinese)

FTMO free demo trading practice (performance can be tracked in the background)

FTMO directly register an account (no need to register and pay first)

【Comparison】 FTMO vs. My Forex Funds

【Comparison】 FTMO vs. FundedNext

【Comparison】 FTMO vs. E8 Funding

【Comparison】 FTMO vs. Leveled Up Society

【Comparison】 FTMO vs. The5%ers

【Comparison】 FTMO vs. True Forex Funds

【Comparison】 FTMO vs. Surge Trader

【Comparison】 Prop Firm Comparison

FTMO promotions

FTMO Trader Interview系列是什麼?

FTMO Trader Interview這系列的影片是由FTMO團隊訪問操作他們資金且成功達標(或超過)的素人交易員的訪談,會訪問一些固定內容及針對交易者的回答衍生問的內容,但都是想了解這些素人交易者如何達標的。

所以這些訪談不僅僅只是在聚焦在策略面,透過訪談也可以問出一些交易者的心態或是其他細節,提供資訊讓大家可以學習。

而FTMO訪問的素人交易員有很多,來自世界各地國家,每位交易者都有不同的策略或是思路,如果可以歸納出這些成功素人交易員的思路與方法,應該會收穫滿滿,我會把這系列的紀錄放在 In the FTMO Trader Interview series

而關於我寫這個系列的發想,是因為我自己每次在觀看這些成功交易員被訪問的影片都有很大的啟發,對我的策略補足及不同層面都有收穫,不過都是以影片訪問且都是英文進行,查了相關資料發現英文資料已經很少,中文資料幾乎全無,於是想想不如自己來整理,可以做為自己學習交易紀錄和回測這些交易員的策略之外,也可以分享給有需要這些資訊的朋友。

FTMO Trader Interview訪問影片-Xavier

本次Trader Interview簡介

項目

說明

FTMO Trader

Xavier

職業

大學生

帳戶規模

20萬 USD

利潤

17,500 USD

帳戶投資報酬率

8.8%

個人投入成本

1,080 EUR (根據寫文章時換算約1,086 USD)

實拿分潤

14,000 USD (80%)

個人投資報酬率

11倍

此次訪問交易的貨幣對

GBPUSD

若你是因為誇張標題而閱讀此篇文章的容我說明一下,表格中的資訊是簡單概括Xavier的獲利、帳戶規模、個人成本及投報率等,而這些成績並非要標榜這位交易員有多厲害,只是針對此次訪談做背景介紹,學習點在於接下來要說明的交易策略。

本次Trader Interview說明

這次Xavier的分享,操作說明的貨幣對是GBPUSD,而影片發布日期是2022/3月,所以這些商品在此影片發佈後已經走了一段了,你可能看到的價格和影片及本篇所講的價格都會不同,但也無關緊要,畢竟要學習的是他們的交易思路與邏輯,價格雖不同但歷史總會驚人的似曾相似。

交易策略-GBPUSD

這筆操作是在2022年3月份,若切換到4H時間級別中,可以發現價格在2021年年底前,還是不斷下降,直到2021年底左右,下降的市場結構(Lower high, lower low)不再持續,變成Lower high, Equal low,不再繼續創造更低的低點而形成相同的低點,以價格行為來說「可能」是潛在反轉的訊號。

而價格開始出現反轉並挑戰前高時,最後成功突破(紅色箭頭處),可以視為改變結構,變成Higher high, higher low的上漲結構,此時心中想的是買進做多。

接著切換到1小時級別,隨著價格不斷移動,回落到紫色區域Higher low仍然是處在上漲結構,隨後出現大陽k棒吞破前一根陰k棒(紅框區),表示當時多頭的力道還是主導市場,這邊又更加確定做多的立場,以及開始尋找進場位置。

接著切換到更小的時間級別,可以發現價格又回落到小紫色區域的位置,回測紅框區價格突破的位置,並收一根十字線,這時在下一根k棒進場(可切到15分級別進場),止損設定12 pips,停利直接設定目標價格50 pips。

這邊可能有些會疑問,為什麼價格回測站穩就可以買呢?

按照Xavier進場的理由,還有一個是使用婓波納契回撤,會發現價格回測的位置不僅是前方價格突破的位置,還是婓波納契的0.5-0.618黃金區間,這兩點加上前面做的連貫分析,所以認為這是進場點。

而價格也確實達到50 pips,停利出場。

而Xavier是觀察在5分鐘的時間級別以價格行為來判斷,是否還是處在上漲結構? 如果跌破前一根higher low低點,表示打破上漲結構就會出場;而如果沒有跌破,仍在上漲結構,就應該讓他持續跑,直達獲利目標。

結果證明上漲都未跌破前一根低點,且上漲結構未改變,直到獲利目標出場。

這讓我想到過去在持倉的過程中的經驗,遇到價格有相對比較大的回落時,會產生對一種不確定性,而這種不確定性有時會讓我們恐懼,擔心如果他再繼續回落,是不是就回落到break even位置,不是覺得賺太少就是覺得白忙一場,所以就手動出場掉。

殊不知價格在收棒時或收棒後站回去,這時也找不到好的進場位置,只能眼巴巴看著價格直達目標。

手動平掉呢,若價格到目標會懊悔,若價格沒到目標會慶幸還好先平掉;不手動平呢,若價格到目標會覺得合理,若價格沒到目標會吃止損。

這些都攸關於機率的問題,不過我的經驗是,一切遵循交易計畫就好,其實不用想太多,也不要帶入過多情緒,這樣反而會是對交易較適合的。

心態面

在交易當下到底是計畫還是情緒所驅使,這是Xavier認為應該要劃分清楚的,如果是情緒所驅使,那之後的交易就會像是賭博一樣;而如果是計畫所驅動的,在所有項目符合條件之後,就會勇於進場。

影片有分享個小故事帶出他在心態層面學到的教訓,簡單來說,就是當他在一週內獲利1萬USD(浮盈),但過幾天因為市場波動較劇烈,讓他從賺的變成賠的,對他心態上就很痛苦。

於是之後開始每天都在交易想要把那筆交易賺回來,但事與願違,反倒是每天都在虧損。

這也讓他痛定思痛決定不要再讓這樣的狀況發生,所以之後在交易時都會有個檢查清單,確保自己的情緒狀態,並遵循交易計畫。

其他層面

  • 風險報酬比(RRR)和勝率(Win Rate)

在RRR中可以看到是1.39,表示在承受1單位風險可以獲得1.39倍的報酬,而win rate在57.5%。

比1:1高一點的RRR,這樣的成績在很多穩定交易員的單子野蠻常見的,承受固定的風險,只要勝率增加,那麼很有可能就可以吃到相同風險的報酬。

也可以從影片中得知,Xavier的核心策略應該都是以價格行為做判斷,在我分享的幾個FTMO Trader Interview系列 裡面,也蠻多都是使用價格行為做分析判斷。

不過這也不代表這就是一個聖杯,我認為適合自己並且可以使用這套方式賺錢的都是好方法。

小結

小結反思FTMO訪談交易員

Xavier目前是在學大學生,主修經濟系,因為在疫情巔峰那時,為了要賺錢跑UberEats或是打工,同時朋友跟他介紹這種模式,讓他本來需要付出勞力賺錢,到現在可以在家靠公司提供的資金來賺錢。

當然能達成這的成績過程一定不會是容易的,他也有提到他在考試期間都會花很多時間回測,以及看FTMO Trader Interview系列的影片學到很多,我自己也從影片學到很多受用的內容,大家若有興趣可以點連結去看看。

而Xavier這次分享讓我學到一些分析技巧,這些技巧也很常見於厲害交易員,我在FTMO訪談系列都有介紹過。

不過這次影片Xavier分享比較多且我自己也學到更為重要的是關於心態面的東西,這也是常常會忽略卻又影響至關重要的因素。

而這次分享我認為有幾點可以納入我優化與紀錄的考量(不作為任何投資建議,單純紀錄與分享我的見解):

1.結構對於價格行為判斷來說很重要,Higher high, higher low或是Lower high, lower low都可以是判斷結構是否延續的關鍵,假使趨勢要反轉,高機率會出現Equal或是明顯的破壞結構的價格出現,而且越高級別越有效。

2.Xavier在判斷進場前,會從多個時間級別來觀察,以及從趨勢結構、婓波納契條件判斷,若出現”confluence”會是更好的。

3.在交易前會確保遵循交易計畫,交易結束後,不管是賺或賠,目前情緒狀態為何?輸了會不會生氣?還是欣然接受?賺錢是因為時機運氣?還是因為分析判斷出來的交易計畫?

Various QA's about Forex prop firm

What is Proprietary Trading? What is Proprietary Trading?

Foreign exchange dealersIt is a kind of proprietary trading model. Companies use their own funds to trade. Some companies will have special self-employed departments, or the company itself is a trading company with self-employed attributes.

Since a company wants to make money in the market, in addition to relying on the company's own shareholders or employees, it can also design a set of models and rules, find people who will make money in the market, and provide account funds to help make money. Making money can be divided into profits, while losing money is borne by the company. This model has been in use abroad for many years., But it is not so popular in China.

What is the difference between a foreign exchange dealer and a foreign exchange broker?

A foreign exchange broker is an investor who uses his own funds to deposit into an account opened by a broker, and the risks, profits and losses of the account are all borne by himself; andForeign exchange dealersIt is the investors who go to a self-employed company to participate in their assessment. After the examination, they use their account to trade. They bear the risks and losses of the account, but the profits can be divided.

差異

控制權

全權

部分

家數數量

數萬家(以有牌照監管為首選)

數十家

本金準備

自有資金

公司資金

風險損失

自行承擔

公司承擔

利潤獲得

全部利潤

部分利潤(依比例而定)

槓桿比例

依各經紀商而定,國內約30-40倍;海外100~1000倍都有

依照自營商的規定,普遍是100倍

交易商品

涵蓋幾乎所有商品,但各經紀商還是有差異

較侷限,以外匯貨幣對為大宗

投資人最大風險

  • 爆倉(損失所有本金)

  • 遇到詐騙經紀商

損失報名費

適合對象

  • 想全權管控自有資金

  • Use EA program to trade

  • 有技術但缺乏資金

  • 想在高資金下練交易心態

  • 想要穩健成長投資人

  • Some self-employed merchants support EA

Does Forex Prop Firms only offer forex as trading instruments?

Trading commodities are mainly foreign exchange currency pair commodities, but there are still commodities other than currency pairs such as indices and precious metals, such asFTMO self-employed, And the trading commodities provided by each self-employed merchant are also very different.

Are prop firms a scam?

No, but there will be many self-employed merchants who are mixed with fish and fish, so the research on self-employed merchants is very important. And brokers also have many questions about fraud. I have compiled an article before.How brokers crack scams, But after I learned about the model of self-employed merchants, I think it needs to be studied more. In addition to the brokers used by self-employed merchants, it is also necessary to understand their rules, user reviews, various aspects of experience, etc., which are quite areas that need to do homework.

Regarding whether it is fraud or not, in order to verify, I spent a lot of time sorting out and collecting information from these self-employed merchants (fortunately, they are all very public). The techniques of cracking broker fraud can also be applied to verifying self-employed merchants. In addition, many friends around me are using it, so it is currently known that it is not a scam.

At present, the self-employed business I use by myself has this one, but my friends around me have been using other homes for a while, and they have not encountered any problems in dividing profits and withdrawing funds. In the future, I will organize an article on this issue if I have the opportunity. Article.

Why have I rarely heard of prop firms?

Most people who come into contact with foreign exchange margin should be mainly brokers (brokerages), but this self-operated model is quite popular abroad. Many successful foreign traders started from this model. They first use their rules to help them develop trading discipline, and after a period of trading, they haveDivide the profit funds, and then go to the broker to open an account and operate with your own funds.

What is the difference between a foreign exchange dealer and a self-owned fund?

If you open an account with a broker, you put in your own principal. All risks are borne by the investors. In addition, you also need to prevent fraudulent brokers from allowing withdrawals, black-hearted spreads, fake brokers, fake customer service and other issues. You really need to do your own homework.

The self-employed model is to register with the self-employed company and after the assessment, they will give you a sum of funds, and you will help them trade. All losses will be borne by the company (the most is the loss of the registration fee), and when you make a profit, you can get a share of the profit. All the problems that may be encountered in the broker are handled by the company.Worry, and investors just need to concentrate on the rules and profit.

Which foreign exchange dealer should I choose?

There are about dozens of foreign exchange dealers in the world, but I and my friends around me have used at least 4 of them, while I have used 2 of them myself. And each self-operated foreign exchange company has its own examination regulations, profit sharing ratio, risk control standards, and other items such as supported trading platforms, retake rules, registration fees, etc. For too many details, please refer to me.Organize and compare the information of foreign exchange dealers

How much does it cost to apply for a Funding Plan?

The registration fee of each self-employed company will vary depending on the comprehensive assessment of account funds, rules, profit target setting, challenge period, etc. The minimum FTMO is 155 euros for a Normal account, and the account limit is 10,000 U.S. dollars.

本次FTMO Trader Interview系列分享我認為有蠻多值得學習的點,而以上都是以我的經驗與角度去學習與闡述的觀點,每個人的看法可能與我不同,我也很歡迎大家一起交流彼此看法,一起精進。

我也有專門整理一系列交易策略的分享文章,都是關於國外交易員的訪談,多看不同交易員分享的策略有助於歸納成功的交易方法,大家有興趣可以去看看: Trading strategy sharing

Everyone is welcome to join the telegram group below to communicate.

另外如果你想透過少少報名費取得FTMO的大資金,可以先參考這篇: FTMO的規則和介紹

如果有興趣了解本次全英訪談內容,也可以到上面的影片觀看。

FTMO.com - For serious traders

Recommended reading:

FTMO Introduction article:

[1 full explanation] FTMO Proprietary trading rules|How to make money with other people's money! ?

比較不同平台規則與分潤:

外匯自營商是什麼?人人都可以成為操盤手!?

FTMO Trader Interview Series articles:

How do college dropouts earn 16 times by trading only one foreign exchange currency pair! ? / FTMO Trader Interview Series 1

Amateur forex traders earn 350 times! ? Selflessly share trading strategies! / FTMO Trader Interview Series 2

How do college students in the Department of Economics make 11 times the profit from trading! ? Strategy and Experience Sharing | FTMO Trader Interview Series 3

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